The governments of
Bangladesh (NIB) have made a commitment to join together in managing the
hydropower and water resources of the Ganga river basin. This
decision comes during the UN-declared International Year of Water Cooperation,
which emphasizes international cooperation in the management of water resources.
With growing populations and diminishing resources, cooperation is imperative
to managing resources effectively.
According to UN Water, there are 276 transboundary river basins in the world, shared by a total of 148 countries. Without cooperation, water is not managed in the most effective way, and detrimental effects are passed on to people and the economy. Conversely, water that is shared and managed encourages mutual sustainable development, as well as peace and prosperity.
An article in The Hindu states that the NIB Ministries of Power, Water Resources, and External Affairs have concluded that “the
has tremendous potential for
development of water resources and hydropower. Therefore, the role of the Ganga
in the agriculture, hydro-power, fisheries, navigation, and environmental
sectors and in the economy of the co-basin countries is vital. The joint
initiative will contribute to poverty eradication and better socio-economic
integration.” The note states that the initiative will focus on technically and
geographically feasible augmentation and equitable distribution of water and
power, overseen by the Committee of Water Resources and Power Ministries of the
NIB. In addition to improving access and quality of water resources, this
initiative serves as an example of an international partnership that will
contribute to long-term sustainable development, economic growth, and